Who built Stonehenge? Bones found at Stonehenge belonged to people from Wales.

3 08 2018

THE formation of Stonehenge is a centuries old mystery but a team of researchers may have just cracked one of Stonehenge’s many enigmas.

The question of Stonehenge’s origin has baffled the public imagination and scientists worldwide for more than a century.

Stonehenge: Scientists have discovered who is buried at the historic and mysterious site

Despite many years of archaeological research, very little is known about who erected stone formation and for what purpose.

Tests show 5,000-year-old remains found at the world heritage site came from more than 100 miles away in west Wales

But the scientific community could be on the verge of a major breakthrough thanks to an international collaboration with a group of scientists from the University of Oxford.

A new study published in the journal Scientific Reports looked at a number of ancient remains buried at the historic site more some 5,000 to 4,400 years ago.

The study gave a glimpse into the origin of Stonehenge, suggesting the standing stones were transported more than 124 miles (200 km) from a quarry in West  to the Stonehenge site in Wessex.

For year scientists have focused on why Stonehenge was built but never quite looked at who exactly built the stone monument and who was buried at it.

A number of cremated and buried remains are scattered across the Stonehenge site, perhaps some of the poor denizens whose hard work built the structure.

The new investigation examined a total of 25 skulls and bones originally excavated form 56 Stonehenge pits in the 1920s.

Read more:
Stonehenge mystery SOLVED: Who built Stonehenge? Latest study on stone formation REVEALED (Source)
Stonehenge: Origins of those who built world-famous monument revealed by groundbreaking scientific research
Bones found at Stonehenge belonged to people from Wales
Ground-breaking Science Reveals People Buried at Stonehenge Came from Way Out West

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Stonehenge researchers ‘may have found largest prehistoric site’

7 09 2015
Standing stones found buried near Stonehenge could be the “largest” intact prehistoric monument ever built in Britain, archaeologists believe.Large stones at Durrington Walls
The large stones are located around the edge of the henge at Durrington Walls (Image copyrigh Ludwig Boltzmann Institute)

Using ground-penetrating radar, some 100 stones were found at the Durrington Walls “superhenge”, a later bank built close to Stonehenge.

The Stonehenge Living Landscapes team has been researching the ancient monument site in a five-year project.

Finding the stones was “fantastically lucky”, researchers said.

The stones may have originally measured up to 4.5m (14ft) in height and had been pushed over the edge of Durrington Walls.

The site, which is thought to have been built about 4,500 years ago, is about 1.8 miles (3km) from Stonehenge, Wiltshire.

The stones were found on the edge of the Durrington Walls “henge”, or bank, an area which had not yet been studied by researchers.

Large stones at Durrington Walls
The stones could have measured up to 4.5m in height (Image copyright Ludwig Boltzmann Institute)

Lead researcher, Vince Gaffney said the stones were “lost to archaeology” but found thanks to modern technology.

National Trust archaeologist, Dr Nick Snashall said there were “hints” the stones could be buried in the landscape.

“In the field that lies to the south we know there’s a standing stone which is now the only standing stone, now fallen, that you can go up to and touch in the whole of the Stonehenge landscape,” he said.

“It’s called the Cuckoo Stone.

“If there are stones beneath the bank… they’re probably looking at stones of pretty much the same size as the Cuckoo Stone.”

Radar scanning at Durrington Walls, Wiltshire
Ground-penetrating radar was used to detect the large stones at Durrington Walls (Image copyright Geert Verhoeven)

Dr Snashall added there was a “sense” of an area set aside for the living and another for the dead at Durrington Walls – and that had changed over time.

“This gives us a a whole new phase that shows us that has started within 40 years of the site going out of use, or even less than that,” he said.

The findings are being announced later on the first day of the British Science Festival being held at the University of Bradford.

Large stones at Durrington Walls
The row of stones were standing over the edge of the bank of the henge (Image copyright Ludwig Boltzmann Institute)

Source and full story : BBC Wiltshire

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